最长的英文单词
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2018-01-07 01:55 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
1. METHIONYLTHREONYLTHREONYGLUTAMINYLARGINYL … ISOLEUCINE 肌联蛋白
 
Note the ellipses. All told, the full chemical name for the human protein titin is 189,819 letters, and takes about three-and-a-half hours to pronounce. The problem with including chemical names is that there's essentially no limit to how long they can be. For example, naming a single strand of DNA, with its millions and millions of repeating base pairs, could eventually tab out at well over 1 billion letters.
 
2. LOPADOTEMACHOSELACHOGALEOKRANIOLEIPSAN …P TERYGON 大乱炖
 
The longest word ever to appear in literature comes from Aristophanes' play, Assemblywomen, published in 391 BC. The Greek word tallies 171 letters, but translates to 183 in English. This mouthful refers to a fictional fricassee comprised of rotted dogfish head, wrasse, wood pigeon, and the roasted head of a dabchick, among other culinary morsels.
 
3. PNEUMONOULTRAMICROSCOPICSILICOVOLCANOCONIOSIS 矽肺病
 
At 45 letters, this is the longest word you'll find in a major dictionary. An inflated version of silicosis, this is the full scientific name for a disease that causes inflammation in the lungs owing to the inhalation of very fine silica dust. Despite its inclusion in the dictionary, it's generally considered superfluous, having been coined simply to claim the title of the longest English word.
 
4. PARASTRATIOSPHECOMYIA STRATIOSPHECOMYIOIDES 水虻
 
The longest accepted binomial construction, at 42 letters, is a species of soldier fly native to Thailand.
 
5. PSEUDOPSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM 假性甲状旁腺功能减退
 
This 30-letter thyroid disorder is the longest non-coined word to appear in a major dictionary.
 
6. FLOCCINAUCINIHILIPILIFICATIO 轻蔑
 
By virtue of having one more letter than antidisestablishmentarianism, this is the longest non-technical English word. A mash-up of five Latin roots, it refers to the act of describing something as having little or no value. While it made the cut in the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster volumes refuse to recognize it, chalking up its existence to little more than linguistic ephemera.

TAG标签: name protein Word
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