文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2017-12-18 06:15 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
The words gift and present are well-matched synonyms1 that mean essentially2 the same thing, but even well-matched synonyms have their own connotations and distinctive3 patterns of use.
Gift applies to a wider range of situations. Gifts can be talents. You can have the gift of gab4, or a musical gift. Gifts can be intangibles. There is the gift of understanding or the gift of a quiet day.
We generally don't use present for things like this. Presents are more concrete. If your whole family gave donations to your college fund for your birthday would you say "I got a lot of presents"? It doesn't exactly sound wrong, but since you never hold these donations in your hand, gifts seem to fit better.
Gift can also be an attributive noun, acting5 like an adjective to modify another noun. What do you call the type of shop where you can buy presents for people? A gift shop. What do you call the basket of presents that you can have sent to all your employees? A gift basket. Present doesn't work well in this role of describing other nouns. We have gift boxes, gift cards, and gift wrap, not present boxes, present cards, and present wrap.
Gift appears to be more frequent than present, though it is difficult to get accurate counts, because if you compare occurrences of the noun present with the noun gift, you include that other noun present, meaning the here and now. However, the plural6 noun presents captures only the word we want. Gifts outnumbers presents in the Corpus of Contemporary American English by four to one.


1 synonyms     
同义词( synonym的名词复数 )
  • If you want to grasp English, you must carefully discriminate synonyms. 如果你想掌握好英语,你必须仔细区分同义词。
  • Study the idioms and synonyms l wrote down before your test. 学考试前我给你写的习惯用语和同义字。
2 essentially     
  • Really great men are essentially modest.真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
  • She is an essentially selfish person.她本质上是个自私自利的人。
3 distinctive     
  • She has a very distinctive way of walking.她走路的样子与别人很不相同。
  • This bird has several distinctive features.这个鸟具有几种突出的特征。
4 gab     
  • The young man had got the gift of gab.那个年轻小贩能说会道。
  • She has the gift of the gab.她口才很好。
5 acting     
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.别理她,她只是假装的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
6 plural     
  • Most plural nouns in English end in's '.英语的复数名词多以s结尾。
  • Here you should use plural pronoun.这里你应该用复数代词。
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